Associate Professor in Plant Biotechnology at the Department of Arctic and Marine Biology (AMB) of the UiT.
My research interests in ARC are towards the discovery and modification of biomass-degrading enzyme activities that show potential for bioenergy applications. Deeper understanding of the plant endogenous mechanisms in cell wall degradation towards lignocellulosic fibers and their linkages with other cell wall components, will aid to overcome the recalcitrance of the energy rich cell wall in plant biomass.
My background is in plant physiology and plant molecular biology. I have earlier worked in a wide variety of interdisciplinary projects including molecular regulation of fruit ripening and cell wall softening, utilization of plant industrial waste for bio-products and as a Project Manager in EU-funded “Green Chemistry and Bioproduction educational programme” (University of Oulu, Finland) aimed to educate multi-disciplinary experts in renewable energy and sustainable processes. As part of ARC, I am excited to work in the multi-disciplinary research environment to aid Arctic solutions for clean energy, CO2 management and bio-products.
Chiara Bordin received her master’s degree in industrial engineering and her PhD in Operational Research at the University of Bologna (Italy). She worked as a Research Associate at the University of Durham (UK) in collaboration with the Durham Energy Institute and the Engineering Department of Cambridge University. She then worked as a Postdoc at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norway). Afterwards she has been a Research Scientist in SINTEF Energy (Norway), the largest research centre in Scandinavia. She is currently Associate Professor in Energy Informatics, at the department of Computer Science (IFI) of the University of Tromsø (Norway). Throughout this path Chiara has been involved in a wide variety of interdisciplinary projects both on the thermal energy side and on the electrical energy side, among which: heat networks strategic design; pumped thermal electricity storage for active distribution network applications; offgrid systems optimisation; battery degradation modelling; storage integration in maritime vessels; optimal design and expansion of electric vehicles charging sites; pricing strategies for electric vehicles charging; multi-agent approaches for microgrids expansion; power systems reliability; assessment of hydrogen’s role and potential within the broader energy system decarbonization objectives.
Her main research interests are related to mathematical optimisation in the context of computer science applied to smart energy and power systems. This refers in particular (but is not limited) to: models for storage integration and storage technologies assessment; strategic network design, expansion and operation; power systems reliability oriented network restructuring and reconfiguration; multi-agent systems for microgrids coordination; stochastic multihorizon optimisation; integration of machine learning methodologies in the context of mathematical modelling.
Mathematical modelling and optimisation is a strong interdisciplinary and versatile subject. By combining it with computer science, power systems engineering, economics, big data analytics and machine learning, it is possible to address many research questions within the energy and power systems field, enhance analyses and look at the studied systems from different perspectives. This can provide key methodological and analytical contributions to the young and dynamic research area of Energy Informatics, with particular regard to the two major research themes of “smart energy saving systems” and “smart grids”.
Anna-Karin Andersson is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Department of Philosophy and The Arctic Centre for Sustainable Energy (ARC) at UiT. She holds a PhD in Philosophy from Stockholm University, and held previous research positions at Harvard University, the University of Cambridge, and the University of Bergen. Main research fields cover political philosophy and ethics, particularly Human Rights, Sustainable Development, and Global Health Prioritization. She publishes frequently in international, peer-reviewed journals within her field of research, including the Journal of Medical Ethics and Philosophical Studies. She contributed a chapter on trade-offs between human rights to the anthology New Essays on the Nature of Rights, McBride, M. (ed.) (2017). She has also published articles in well regarded international peer reviewed journals such as Ethical Theory and Moral Practice and the Journal of Value Inquiry.
Her research interests in ARC focus on the potential and limitations of the Sustainable Development Goals in adaptation measures in an arctic setting. IPCC’s report «Global Warming of 1.5 °C» states that no climate projection that predicts limitation of global warming to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels can accommodate all of the Sustainable Development Goals. Adaptation measures will compromise at least one of the SDG’s in each of these projections. The SDG’s are, according to the United Nations, grounded in the Human Rights, and the Human Rights are best interpreted as protectors of capabilities as defended by economist and 1998 Nobel Laurate Amartya Sen. The capability approach is, according to the United Nations Human Development Report, in need of elaboration. In addition, we need a capability based account of how to handle the inevitable trade-offs between entitlements to enjoy fulfilment of the Human Rights based SDG’s. The project proposes to contribute to this endeavor by developing my account of the function of human rights and their grounding in a novel interpretation of the capability approach. (Andersson 2015) It further addresses the need to handle trade-offs between the SDG’s. This account can be utilized to develop adaptation policies that can be applied to the Arctic setting
Chittaranjan Pradhan received the Ph.D. degree from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bhubaneswar, India, in 2018. In January 2020, he went to UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway, for Postdoctoral Research. His research interests include micro-grid/smart grid, application of soft computing techniques to power systems, electric vehicle and power electronics control. He is a reviewer member of various international journals and conferences including IEEE, IET and ELSEVIER. He received the “Certificate of Outstanding Contributing in reviewing award” by the International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems (IJEPES), ELSIVER, in May 2018 for his valuable and thorough feedback on manuscripts, and for his quick turnaround on reviews.
Arctic Centre for Sustainable Energy (ARC) focusing on Arctic challenges and conditions within arctic renewable energy and greenhouse gas management. I am working on the wind/solar based sustainable energy which is able to meet the growing demand of today’s people to improve access to affordable, clean energy and help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the carbon footprint.
The main objective of ARC is to create sustainable societies in Arctic, which could be done by taking different steps like adopting 100 percent renewable energy for electricity, heating and transportation. In order to take advantage from renewable energy source like sun and wind and to electrify the transportation sector, power electronic converters are very important and necessary. Being a PhD Research Fellow in Electrical Engineering (Power Electronics), I want to play my role in sustainability of arctic region. This region will act as role model for rest of the world.
I am working on modern semiconductor devices based alternative power electronic converter topologies which will improve the power conversion efficiency in renewable power plants and electric vehicles.
I have been working with modular based PV-battery hybrid system with peak-shaving capability and recently, I proposed a concept and design of Plug-in solar electric vehicle which could act as distributed generation and storage resource for smart grid.
My research interests in ARC is to better understand the atmospheric ice accretion physics on large wind turbine blades for efficient wind turbine operations in icing conditions. Cold regions have good wind resources, but icing affects the wind turbine performance and power production. Such losses have been reported to lead up to a 17% decrease in Annual Energy Production (AEP) and 20-50% in aerodynamic performance. Worldwide, installed wind energy capacity in ice prone regions in 2015 was 86.5 GW, which is expected to reach 123 GW in year 2020. This highlights the importance of better understanding of atmospheric ice accretion and finding innovative technological solutions for wind turbine operations in icing conditions to reduce the Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) and the Operational Expenditure (OPEX). The International Energy Agency (IEA) Task 19: ‘Wind energy in cold climates’ has also urged the development of new methods to enable better prediction of the effects of ice accretion on wind turbine performance and resultant wind energy production. Icing on wind turbine blades effect its aerodynamic and structural integrity, which consequently affects the AEP. Therefore, there is a growing need to improve the current knowledge about aerodynamic design and performance of large wind turbine rotor blade for optimal and cost effective operations in icing conditions.
As a political scientist working on sustainable energy futures I am primarily interested in the social implications of energy transitions, the co-constitution of society and technology, local ownership and social acceptance of new energy solutions. My belief is that innovative technical solutions is only half the puzzle since transforming to a sustainable future require local participation and a feeling of ownership if the solutions presented are to be used to their full potential. I am involved in the project “Transformation to a Renewable & Smart Rural Power System Community (RENEW)” located at the northern end of Senja, an archipelago in Troms in Norway. (https://arc.uit.no/projects/senja). The working title of my PhD project is Transition theory illuminated: The sociotechnical energy experiment at Senja. The focus of my research is to investigate implementation of renewable energy systems in small rural communities from a social science perspective. I finished my master thesis in international relations and diplomacy in 2018 where I focused on the political discourse surrounding the Swedish refugee crisis 2015-2018.
PhD project: Risk Assessment of Operation and Maintenance of wind turbines in the Arctic
- Studying the techno-economic feasibility of onshore wind farms investments in Norway
- Investigating the feasibility for selecting the best maintenance strategy for onshore wind farms in Norway
- Assessing the Safety and Environmental impact of installing and operating onshore wind farms in Norway
Energy sources, Energy Storage Systems (ESSs), Power Electronics interfaces and many more. The integration of Distributed Energy Resources have positive as well as negative impacts where improved voltage profile, reliability, power loss reduction and support of ancillary services are the positive impacts while failure in protection coordination, reverse power flow, islanding, poor power quality, and system restoration are the most common negative impacts. The negative impacts will be more enhanced if the level of penetration of DERs is increased in the existing power system, which bears a wide diversity of potential research. More information of my research is available at https://arc.uit.no/research/efficiency/
As a PhD candidate in Smart Power System, I will be developing an appropriate control and management methodology for analyzing, controlling and managing grid integration of Distributed Energy Resources at different penetration level.
I finished my master’s study in Narvik University College, Narvik Norway in 2015 and had done my thesis related to hybrid BFOA-PSO based approach for reactive power control in an isolated wind-diesel hybrid power system.
Research Interest: Investigate and propose new techniques for resource mapping of renewable electricity production from wind in complex terrain in the Arctic based on numerical models from meteorology, as e.g. the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) and CFD modeling, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and statistical signal processing.
I am a PhD student in renewable energy interested in energy systems and their contribution to the transition to a sustainable future. I am involved in the project “Transformation to a Renewable & Smart Rural Power System Community (RENEW)” (a brief description of the project can be found at https://arc.uit.no/projects/senja). The focus of my research is to investigate implementation of renewable energy systems with energy storage into small communities in the northern end of Senja, an archipelago in Troms in Norway. I finished my master study in Energy, Climate and Environment in spring 2017, and in my master thesis I performed a case study on a hybrid renewable energy system consisting of hydro, solar and wind power in northern Norway.
As a PhD student in the Microalgae research group within the ARC theme Greenhouse Gas Management, I am interested in Arctic microalgae as a natural carbon sink and the possibilities they offer for industrial CO2 sequestration.
My PhD research is related to the Finnfjord – carbon capture and utilization (CCU) – project, where my aims are to elucidate the unique CO2 capturing properties of an Arctic diatom isolate within industrial CCU setting and to quantify values for the rate and magnitude the biological and physical factors act on the uptake of atmosphere CO2 in high latitude marine environments. The Finnfjord project is introduced in https://arc.uit.no/about/management-ghg/.
I did my Bachelor’s and Master’s studies in marine biology at the University of Helsinki, Finland.
My research project : DICCE – Diatoms with Increased Carbon Capture Efficiency.
Carbon Utilization and Sequestration Biotechnology using Ecology. I will be looking at naturally occurring systems (diatom and prokaryotic interactions) and trying to enhance these natural occurring processes to enhance natural carbon utilization and sequestration. I am confident that in order to combat climate change we must use ecology to develop technology at both the local and national level. The solution will most likely not have one answer but require interdisciplinary work which ARC puts an emphasis on.
DICCE will innovate new BECCSU technology by domesticating unique classes of Arctic diatom:prokaryote communities and stimulating genome-encoded properties that promote CO2 uptake and the bio-physical properties of phycosphere aggregates and the focus will be on studying the natural prokaryotic and diatom interactions. In other words by elucidating the diatom:prokaryotic interactions and the genes, environmental parameters and nutrient requirements it will be possible to change the amount of carbon dioxide the diatom and/or its associated prokaryotic community will be able to uptake and therefore have the potential to increase the carbon capture efficiency.
My undergraduate research was on lipid production from algae. I was focused on finding ways to use algae to remediate the San Antonio waste water while simultaneously optimizing lipid yields for biofuel production and photosynthetically using CO2 from the atmosphere. My doctoral research was focused on developing a cohesive and integrative research background centered on linking microbial physiologies to habitats and ecosystem processes. More specifically, my doctoral research was focused on investigating coal seam habitats with an emphasis on determining the composition of microbial assemblages specifically involved in methane production and organic carbon degradation to better elucidate the microbial involvement in the turnover of carbon.
As a PhD student in Renewable energy with expertise in solar energy, im primarly interested in possible solutions for utilizing solar energy systems in Arctic conditions.
In my PhD Research, im working on the project «Transformation to a Renewable & Smart Rural Power System Community (RENEW)», where my main focus is to investigate possible solutions for implementing renewable energy systems into small communities on northern Senja. The project is briefly explained in (https://arc.uit.no/projects/senja/).
I finished my master study in Energy, Climate and Environment in spring 2019, where i wrote a master thesis about about mapping and utilization of the solar potential in Tromsø.
My main task in ARC is day to day management by supporting the ARC leader, team leaders and board.
I find it motivating to work with ARC because it focuses on finding renewable energy solutions for Arctic societies, to prepare us for a sustainable future. The challenges to overcome are a mix of technological challenges and societal challenges. I find it highly motivation to work with interdisciplinary cooperation.
As a material scientist working on creating and implementating technologies necessary to adapt the current energy system into a more sustainable, competitive and secure one, I design and investigate engineered nanomaterials for solar energy conversion and storage systems. Currently I focus my research on tackling specific challenges related to the deployment of renewable energy under arctic conditions through a synthetic and symbiotic approach. I cultivate interdisciplinarity and combine technologies to create optimal solutions while ensuring their harmonious integration in a societal context to achieve sustainable living and the wellbeing of people. This approach has characterized my research at Masdar Institute (now KU) where, since 2007 I have systematically tackled several of the major challenges related to solar energy implementation in desert environment. The outcome of my research has been pivotal in the realization of photovoltaics projects promising electricity at record-low prices with PPA (power purchase agreement) bids reaching as low as 1.79c/kWh.
Associate professor in community planning and culture
My research interests are participation in public planning, public innovation and local democracy. These interests come together in the theme of innovative forms of participation in planning processes, and I am interested in the new and innovative approaches that public authorities and citizens make use of when in their meeting with challenges connected to sustainability, climate changes and new energy situations. In particular, I think it is necessary to gain knowledge on how the local and regional planning system translate these challenges into their strategic planning, how it is operationalised into policy solutions and what collaborative devices that are connected to such processes. Some of these questions were addressed in my most recent research project, Evaplan (Evaluation of the planning part of the Norwegian planning and building Act).
I am a cell biologist using molecular and physiological methods to investigate the biology of a parasitic plant. Among the amazing features that parasitic plants use to get nutrition is the possession of enzymes that can break down the biomass of other plants. Such enzymes are in high demand in the quest of converting the chemical energy stored in plant waste into biofuel or bioenergy. We are mining for enzymes with interesting characteristics using “omics” and “omics”-related tools. Simultaneously, we are characterizing components of the biomass that can have inhibitory effects on biomass breakdown using classical biochemistry.
My Research interests are the future energy systems and electric transport, two inspiring areas that are important for the transition to a sustainable future. The use of power conversion technology through power electronics and associated control algorithms is essential for renewable energy, electric transport and energy storage. Charging of electric vehicles, maritime vessels and aircrafts is combining all those research areas on both component and system level, representing an important element for the electric future. In ARC, technology meets the society, bringing new solutions closer to realization.
My Research background in power electronics for energy conversion applications and associated control algorithms such as predictive control. Practical experience in low voltage electrical installations for domestic and maritime systems.
Phuong H. Ha is researching complementary disciplines to tackle the key challenges of energy-efficient cognitive cyber-physical systems (CPS) in which smart power grids are a use-case. He has established a new research field of energy informatics at UiT The Arctic University of Norway. He has led a new research group in the field, the Arctic Green Computing group, since 2014. Based on the research results, he has managed to secure EU and national funding for his research. He is/ has been the principal investigator (PI) and Co-PI of one EU FP7 ICT research project, three national research projects funded by the Research Council of Norway (NFR) (e.g., FRIPRO Young Research Talents, INFRASTRUKTUR and IKTPLUSS), and several research/arrangement activities funded by NFR and UiT (e.g., NFR FRIPRO Overseas Research Grants). He is a full member of the EU Network of Excellence HiPEAC and was the Norwegian representative in the management committee of EU research network COST Action Euro-TM (2011 – 2015). He has spent one year at Rutgers University, USA, and half year at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA.
My research focus in ARC is sustainable transportation, in particular electrification of the transport sector. Electric transportation has the potential to greatly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, provided that it is charged using renewable energy sources. I am currently working with UiT’s developing research area electric aviation.
I have a MSc in materials engineering (2009). In my PhD project (2016) I worked with solar energy integration into zero emission buildings. As a post doc (2017-2019) I worked in the project SolarCharge 2020, with the objective was to increase the self-consumption of solar energy in electric vehicle charging in order to reduce negative effects on the power grid.
Creating sustainable societies is a matter of immediate concern for us all, and requires action from us all. Therefore, I am happy to be a part of ARC, where I can work for a sustainable future in a truly interdisciplinary environment.
As a political geographer working on energy futures, environmental governance, climate change and ocean management, I am primarily interested in the spatial outcomes of policy processes and notions of resources as part of space-making processes. I am currently researching renewable energy in Northern Norway, global initiatives for supply-side climate policy and political practices of ocean policy in dynamic ecologies in the Arctic. My post-doc (2014-2016) focused on resource and tourism practices and my PhD (2014) and master (2007) thesis’ on the territorial, political and representational geographies of ‘opening up’ the Norwegian Arctic for oil and gas activities, themes that are still ongoing reserach subjects.