In the energy transition towards 2030, the EU has acquired a role as a global leader. Nordic countries have specific goals towards developing sustainable energy systems that are more efficient, more flexible and with a high share of renewable energy generation.

The Energy Transition significantly contributes to the climate goals. However, there are challenges in the development of renewable energy systems that have to be overcome. Examples include voltage stability and the capacity of the electrical distribution grid, due to the varying loads that renewable systems typically produce. Technology shifts, such as smart metering and ‘Internet of Things’, create both opportunities and new levels of complexity in contracts and data management.

A substantial part of the challenge emanates from the increased need for flexibility – the untapped potential of having access to both smaller and larger networks of resources, to avoid unecessary investments in energy infrastructures. The EU’s initiative “Clean Energy for all Europeans” has started to address these challenges, and has highlighted how the ‘smart citizen’ and digital technology will be part of the solution. Digitalization is one of the critical approaches to address these challenges. We can tackle the challenges of renewable energy and fossil-free transport by developing innovative solutions in an integrated local energy system. We can develop a market mechanism for energy trading, enabled by digital platforms and advanced algorithms to optimize electricity usage.

Digitalization is based on research areas of strategic importance such as supercomputing (HPC), artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML), and cybersecurity, as highlighted in the new EU Digital Europe Programme.